Kidney Stones

Kidneys remove waste toxin fluid from the body through urine. Kidney stones develop when the volume of the toxin substance is greater than the fluid in the body. This happens for different reasons. In medical terms, kidney stones are also known as renal calculi, renal stones, or nephrolithiasis. It can develop in people of any age or gender.

Reasons for kidney stones 

There is no particular cause of kidney stones. Some common causes of kidney stones are mentioned here.

Symptoms of kidney stone

Important Tips to prevent Kidney stone

Generally, kidney stones occur due to an insufficiency of water in the body. Due to less water, the toxin substance in the kidneys becomes hard and crystallized and takes the form of a stone. Less water intake causes less urine production. To prevent the development of kidney stones, you should drink at least 12 glasses of water a day. You should be extra careful, especially if you are involved in activities like gym work or sports that cause a lot of sweating. You should maintain a good water level in your body.

The dirt present on the surface of fruits and vegetables can cause kidney stones. You should properly wash the fruits and vegetables before eating or cooking them.

If you have had kidney stones in the past, you should be extra careful. Some foods, like spinach, beets, peanuts, seeds, grains, chocolate, and tea, have oxalate. If you are eating them, then the oxalate gets mixed with calcium in the urine and makes calcium oxalate stones. Hence, you should eat or drink calcium sources with them. By doing so, the oxalate binds with the calcium during digestion before it reaches the kidneys. You should take them in moderation, keeping in mind the overall health perspective. Strictly follow the advice of doctors. Moreover, you should not take a calcium supplement without consulting your doctor. The doctor suggests the right method to take any supplement.

If you eat a lot of salt that contains sodium, then it increases the calcium level in the urine. It can cause kidney stones. Moreover, you should also limit your consumption of foods with high sodium content. People who are prone to stones should follow a low-sodium diet.

If you already have kidney stones, then you should follow the advice of your doctor properly. You should take the prescribed medicine on time and also follow the diet advice. If you do not take proper measures in time, the kidney stones can come back.

 Uric acid stone is a common type of kidney stone. Foods like red meat, organ meats, fish, dried beans, mushrooms, cauliflower, green peas, etc. cause high uric acid production. High uric acid levels can cause uric acid stones in the kidneys.

Kidney stones damage the kidneys. If stones are diagnosed early, then the condition can be improved. Doctors recommend treatment according to the size of the stone. A small kidney stone is not that harmful. It gets passed through urine without pain; however, big stones need proper treatment. The doctors decide whether you need medicine or surgery.

The Urine test and kidney sonography help to diagnose kidney stones. Doctors can also recommend a blood test to check the level of stone-forming minerals in your body. All these tests are available at Arth Diagnostics

Related Article: Reasons for Kidney Diseases, Symptoms and Treatment 

Arth Diagnostics center is South Rajasthan’s fastest growing and best clinical laboratory that offers a wide range of  diagnostic tests to patients, clinics and hospitals.  Arth Diagnostics is in one of the few NABH and ISO certified laboratories in Rajasthan. Moreover, this clinical laboratory is also quality endorsed by Randox UK and AIIMS, New Delhi. It has won many prestigious awards such as UCCI excellence award, most promising brand award by economic times, best disgnostics center award by Times group for its advanced diagnostic equipment, high standard and great patients’ services. It is the best clinical laboratory because it has team of highly qualified and rich experienced pathologists, microbiologists, radiologists, immonuassay experts and lab technicians.

Arth Diagnostics Center – Best Clinical Laboratory

Arth diagnostics centre aims to provide high quality reports in shortest possible time to people.  This laboratory is maintaining its position as the best clinical laboratory for a long time. It regularly conducts trainings for staff members to keep them updated with advanced clinical technologies. The center also provides home sample collection, sms reporting, web reporting, patients’ pick up, customer care helpline services for the convenience of patients and hospitals. By providing the highly accurate reports, Arth Diagnostics has won the trust of millions of customers, doctors and clinics. It also has earned the reputation of being the best clinical laboratory in South Rajasthan in just few years. It has full automation in terms of machine, bar coding, data transfer and high end Laboratory Information System (LIS). Moreover, Arth Diagnostics digital lab system is equipped to avoid errors of pre-analytical, analytical and post-analytical category.

Arth Diagnostics Centre – Best in Sonography

Arth Diagnostics is having high end 3D and 4D sonography machines. These machines provide wonderful results in terms of high end imaging and resolution. These advanced machines with highly qualified team of radiologists provide accurate diagnosis in many critical tests such as pregnancy screening, prenatal Care, whole abdomen sonography (USG), detailed study of liver, gall bladder,kidney, spleen, stones in body, etc. Arth Diagnostics has special sonography (USG) techniques. These techniques very useful for screening and detection of cancer. This is the best clinical laboratory hence, the number of customers is growing continuously every year. It has been continuously delivering best diagnostics services to people.

Sonography or ultrasound ultrasonography or color doppler ultrasound test is a diagnostic technique for generating images by applying sound waves on the internal organs. The images show the structure of internal organs which can be further used for examination and assessment of medical conditions accordingly. Hence, in the current medical world, the best sonography equipment is available that provide effective results.

Basics of Ultrasound Sonography

To know about the procedure of sonography, first knowledge about ultrasounds is particularly essential. Ultrasounds are sound waves that have higher frequencies than humanly audible sounds.

The pulses of these ultrasounds are sent into the body using a probe which creates different types of images of a particular organ.

Ultrasound - Best Sonography



Medical ultrasound sonography helps to diagnose the infection, swelling, etc of the internal organs, to study the growth of a baby and flow of blood in an unborn (fetus) in pregnant women, and to examine the medical condition of the brain and hips in children. It also helps to provide guidance in biopsies, diagnose medical conditions of the heart, and assess damage after a heart attack. The color doppler tests help to investigate the blood flow through arteries and veins throughout the body.


Along with two-dimensional ultrasound scans, Arth Diagnostics also has the facility of 3D and 4D sonography tests. Patients can get the best sonography results through these facilities. Pregnancy sonography in 2D sees right through the fetus so the image appears gray with a blurred outline. In a 2D scan, the internal organs of the baby appear on the image.

A 3D sonography shows the still images of the baby in three dimensions. In 4D sonography, moving 3D images of the baby can be shown considering time as the fourth dimension. With the help of 3D and 4D sonography tests, even the baby’s skin can be viewed. The shape of a baby’s fingers, nose, mouth, etc, and the small movements such as yawning, etc can also be viewed in 3D and 4D scans. 4 D sonography is the best sonography method of all. 3D and 4D sonography tests are available at Arth Diagnostics.

Tests Offered

Arth Diagnostics offers a list of Sonography tests such as

Ultrasound Best Sonography Test

Ultrasound Sonography Test

Preparations for the Best Sonography Tests

The preparation for the ultrasound sonography will depend on the type of scan the patient will have. For some scans, the doctor may instruct the patients not to eat or drink for a couple of hours before his/her appointment. For some scans, the patients have to drink up to six glasses of water one or two hours prior to the test and avoid urinating so that/her bladder is full before starting the scan. To get the best sonography results the patient should go to the centers where all the modern equipment are available.

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