Kidneys remove waste toxin fluid from the body through urine. Kidney stones get developed when the volume of toxin substance is more than fluid in the body. This happens due to different reasons. In medical terms kidney stone is also known as renal calculi, renal stone, or nephrolithiasis. It can develop in people of any age or gender.

Reasons for kidney stones 

There is no particular cause of kidney stones. Some common causes of kidney stones are mentioned here.

Symptoms of kidney stone

Important Tips to prevent Kidney stone

Generally, kidney stone occurs due to insufficiency of water in the body. Due to less water, the toxin substance in kidneys becomes hard and crystal and takes the form of stone. Less water intake cause less urine production. To prevent the development of kidney stones you should drink at least 12 glasses of water in a day. You should be extra careful especially if you are involved in activities like gym or sports that cause a lot of sweating. You should maintain a good water level in your body.

The dirt present on the surface of fruits and vegetables can cause kidney stones. You should property wash the fruits and vegetables before eating or cooking them.

If you have kidney stones in the past then you should be extra careful. Some foods like spinach, beets, peanuts, seeds, grains, chocolate, and tea have oxalate. If you are eating them then the oxalate gets mixed with calcium in the urine and makes calcium oxalate stone. Hence, you should eat or drink calcium source with them. By this, the oxalate binds with the calcium during digestion before it reaches the kidneys. You should take them in moderate by keeping in mind the overall health perspective. Strictly follow the advice of doctors. Moreover, you should not take a calcium supplement without consulting the doctor. The doctor suggests the right method to take any supplement.

If you eat a lot of salt than contains sodium then it increases the calcium level in the urine. It can cause kidney stones. Moreover, you should also limit the consumption of food that has high sodium. People who are prone to stones should take a low sodium diet.

If you already have kidney stones then you should follow the advice of your doctor properly. You should take prescribed medicine on time and also follow the diet advice. If you do not take proper measures in time then the kidney stones can come back.

 Uric acid stone is a common type of kidney stone. Food like red meat, organ meats, fish, dried beans, mushrooms, cauliflower, green peas, etc. causes high uric acid production. High uric acid can cause uric acid stones in the kidneys.

Kidney stones damage the kidneys. If stones are diagnosed early then the condition can be improved. Doctors recommend treatment according to the size of the stone. A small kidney stone is not that harmful. It gets passed through urine without pain however big stones need proper treatment. The doctors decide whether you need medicines or surgery.

The Urine test and kidney sonography help to diagnose kidney stones. Doctors can also recommend a blood test to check the level of stone-forming minerals in your body. All these tests are available at Arth Diagnostics

Related Article: Reasons for Kidney Diseases, Symptoms and Treatment 

Kidney Diseases

The kidney has a function to remove toxins and excess fluid out of the body. It is the filter unit for the body. Humans have two kidneys. If any of the kidneys has a problem then it cannot work as it should. In case one kidney fails or injured, the doctor removes the particular kidney. A person can also remain alive on one functioning kidney and live a healthy life. However, in that case, extra precautions should be taken.

Kidney diseases affect different parts of your body. Kidney failure is severe kidney disease. In kidney failure, the kidney stops working hence kidney transplant or dialysis is required. You should be aware of the causes of kidney diseases to prevent them. In many cases the causes of kidney disease are unknown. Here we have mentioned some general research-based causes of kidney disease.

Top 4 Reasons for Kidney Diseases 

Diabetes – 

Diabetes is the primary cause of kidney diseases. People with diabetes are more prone to kidney diseases. Kidney disease caused by diabetes is categorized as Diabetic Kidney Disease. Excess blood sugar affects the functioning of kidneys. It damages the blood vessels in kidneys. Due to this, the excess waste fluid cannot get filtered out of the body. Over a period of time, the kidneys get damaged. If you have diabetes then you should regularly test blood sugar, urine, and blood pressure once in a year. Moreover, you should not hold urine for a long time because it increases the development of bacteria that has a high blood sugar level.

High Blood Pressure – 

The blood vessels become thicker and stiffer with age. This is the common cause of high blood pressure in old age. High blood pressure puts extra pressure on blood vessels and damages the blood vessels that eventually put an adverse effect on kidneys. High blood pressure is one of the major reasons for kidney diseases.  Hence, if you already have blood pressure and you should keep an eye on this. In many cases, people with high blood pressure do not feel symptoms. Yearly health check-up is essential to monitor overall health.

Obesity – 

Obesity increases the risk of many diseases like cardiovascular disease, hypertension, diabetes, and kidney disease. Obese people have higher chances to develop kidney disease than normal people. In obesity, the kidneys have to work harder due to excess fat in the body. Over time the extra work burden on kidneys increases the risk of kidney disease. You can prevent obesity by adopting a healthy lifestyle. In current modern times, a BMI test is available that can help us to know fat and muscle in the body.

Side Effect of Medicines –

Overuse of pain killers can lead to serious kidney damage. You should not take medicines without consulting doctors because medicines can cause side effects. Moreover, alcohol also put your kidneys and liver at risk. If you are taking supplements then you should take them after consulting with a doctor.

Above mentioned things can lead to kidney disease.

Common Symptoms of Kidney Diseases

In simple kidney disease, you may feel a few symptoms. Common symptoms of kidney disease – problem in urine (either too much or not enough urine), swelling in legs and ankles, not feeling hungry, trouble in breathing, nausea, vomiting, persistent itching, trouble in sleeping, and muscle cramps. You should not avoid these symptoms. Suddenly if kidney stops working then you may feel abdominal pain, fever, diarrhea, nose bleeds, back pain, and vomiting. If you have any of the symptoms then without wasting time you should immediately consult a doctor.

Test to check the health of Kidney

The renal function test (RFT) is a general test to test the kidneys. It includes various parameters like Urea, Creatinine, Calcium, Magnesium, etc. Generally, doctors recommend renal function test if symptoms of kidney disease are seen in patients. A kidney ultrasound is also performed to diagnose kidneys’ problems. If you have a family history of this problem then you should keep extra caution. You should go for a renal function test once a year. Early detection of disease will prevent further development. A urine test can also help to detect problems in the kidney.

Kidney problems can be treatable in the initial condition through proper care and treatment. However, some kidney damages are irreversible. If you already have health problems like high blood pressure and diabetes then you should take extra precautions.

General Precautions to Prevent Kidney Diseases

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