Lower Back Pain: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Prevention

Lower Back Pain: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Precautions

Lower back pain is quite common nowadays. Generally, Office goers complain about frequent back pain problem. A common reason for lower backache is sitting or standing continuously for long hours at one place. There might be other possible reasons and you must be aware of all those reasons. Continuous back pain can pose a huge challenge to your health. It can become a reason for paralysis or permanent disability. Hence, you should not take it lightly.

In lower back pain, you may experience muscle ache or burning sensation in the lower back. The backache can spread down in the legs that create trouble in standing, seating and walking

General Causes of Lower Back Pain:

Sitting or standing for long hours

If you keep your body in one position for a long time then it puts pressure on the lower back. Continuous pressure on the lower back lead to the lower back pain problem.

Injury or Fracture

Acute lower backache can occur due to muscle injury or ligament injury. You should consult the doctor if you are experiencing backache due to this reason.

Heavy Weight Lifting

Your muscles and ligaments get stretched and torn due to heavy weight lifting. Due to this, you may feel pain and stiffness in your lower back area. If you feel that you are experiencing backache due to this reason then you should avoid weight lifting and give recovery time to the body.

Arthritis

In Arthritis, the person experiences inflammation of the joints. In arthritis conditions like osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and psoriatic arthritis, the person may experience lower back pain. Arthritis condition weakens the spine. This condition mostly occurs in older adults.

Kidney Problem

Kidney problems such as kidney infection or kidney stones can become a cause of lower back pain problems.

In rare cases, lower backache can also occur due to tumor or infection around the spine.

       Sometimes, the backache gets better or goes away in some time with simple home remedies. If you are frequently facing lower back pain problem then you must not avoid this and consult the doctor.

How to Diagnose Lower Back Pain Problem?

The physician can recommend X-Ray, CT scan, Ultrasound, MRI, Electromyography (EMG), and also a blood test to diagnose lower back pain problems. These tests help to diagnose if you have a bone problem, disc problem, problem with ligament, etc. The doctor can also recommend a bone density test to check the bone strength.

Prevention of Lower Back Problem 

You can prevent the backache problem by improving your physical condition and following certain steps.

  • Regular Exercise

You should do light exercise regularly. Regular exercise increases the strength of your bones and muscles. Exercise allows your muscles to function better. If you have a backache problem then you should first consult the doctor about which exercises you can try.

  • Maintain Healthy Weight

Excess body weight puts extra pressure on your back. You should maintain a healthy weight to prevent this problem.

  • Stop Smoking

 Researches found that smoking increases the risk of lower back pain. Quitting smoking will reduce the risk of lower back pain.

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