Lower back pain is quite common nowadays. Generally, Office goers complain about frequent back pain problem. A common reason for lower backache is sitting or standing continuously for long hours at one place. There might be other possible reasons and you must be aware of all those reasons. Continuous back pain can pose a huge challenge to your health. It can become a reason for paralysis or permanent disability. Hence, you should not take it lightly.

In lower back pain, you may experience muscle ache or burning sensation in the lower back. The backache can spread down in the legs that create trouble in standing, seating and walking

General Causes of Lower Back Pain:

Sitting or standing for long hours

If you keep your body in one position for a long time then it puts pressure on the lower back. Continuous pressure on the lower back lead to the lower back pain problem.

Injury or Fracture

Acute lower backache can occur due to muscle injury or ligament injury. You should consult the doctor if you are experiencing backache due to this reason.

Heavy Weight Lifting

Your muscles and ligaments get stretched and torn due to heavy weight lifting. Due to this, you may feel pain and stiffness in your lower back area. If you feel that you are experiencing backache due to this reason then you should avoid weight lifting and give recovery time to the body.

Arthritis

In Arthritis, the person experiences inflammation of the joints. In arthritis conditions like osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and psoriatic arthritis, the person may experience lower back pain. Arthritis condition weakens the spine. This condition mostly occurs in older adults.

Kidney Problem

Kidney problems such as kidney infection or kidney stones can become a cause of lower back pain problems.

In rare cases, lower backache can also occur due to tumor or infection around the spine.

       Sometimes, the backache gets better or goes away in some time with simple home remedies. If you are frequently facing lower back pain problem then you must not avoid this and consult the doctor.

How to Diagnose Lower Back Pain Problem?

The physician can recommend X-Ray, CT scan, Ultrasound, MRI, Electromyography (EMG), and also a blood test to diagnose lower back pain problems. These tests help to diagnose if you have a bone problem, disc problem, problem with ligament, etc. The doctor can also recommend a bone density test to check the bone strength.

Prevention of Lower Back Problem 

You can prevent the backache problem by improving your physical condition and following certain steps.

You should do light exercise regularly. Regular exercise increases the strength of your bones and muscles. Exercise allows your muscles to function better. If you have a backache problem then you should first consult the doctor about which exercises you can try.

Excess body weight puts extra pressure on your back. You should maintain a healthy weight to prevent this problem.

 Researches found that smoking increases the risk of lower back pain. Quitting smoking will reduce the risk of lower back pain.

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From the last month, Coronavirus has become a hot topic of discussion in India. Every day, we are hearing about newly reported cases of Coronavirus in news channels and newspapers. Some news are just rumors and some are real facts. The purpose of writing this article is to give clarity on Coronavirus.

The origin of Coronavirus in China. The first case of coronavirus was first reported in December 2019 in Wuhan, a Chinese city. Now the disease has spread all over China. People living in China are highly susceptible to Corona Virus. In India, checking systems have been implemented in airport areas. People who are traveling back from China are being checked at various airports by Indian Security System.

Let us break out the article into small subparts to know each thing about the Coronavirus. The information structured in this article is taken from many authentic sources. The main source of this article is the World Health Organization.

What is Coronavirus?

The recent coronavirus is COVID-19. Scientists are continuously researching on this. Researchers found that it is spreading from the seafood market in Wuhan because some people who visited the seafood market developed viral pneumonia caused by COVID-19. However, later it was detected that the first reported case of coronavirus was on 1 December 2019 and the person has no link with the seafood market. Scientists are working hard to find the exact cause of coronavirus.

Symptoms of Coronavirus Disease

The symptoms of coronavirus are difficult to identify. Its common symptoms are fever, cold, cough, running nose, difficulty in breathing. In most severe cases, coronavirus can cause the acute respiratory syndrome, pneumonia, kidney failure, and even death. The symptoms are similar to normal cold and flu. A laboratory test is helpful for the early diagnosis of the disease. If you have a cough, fever, and breathing difficulty then you should immediately consult the doctor.

Currently, there is no specific treatment for coronavirus. Scientists are still working on the treatment of Coronavirus. The disease is spreading faster. People who died of Coronavirus have pre-existing who also have a weak immune system and medical problems. People should apply preventive methods to get protection.

Prevention Methods from Coronavirus

When it comes to disease, prevention is better than cure. Appropriate prevention methods will also protect you from the disease. Prevention methods are the followings:

Preventive Tips are as follows:

  1. Washing hands frequently with soap is important. About 30 percent of people do not wash hands after using the washroom. Especially if you are using public washrooms you should take care of hygiene.
  2. Maintain at least 3 feet distance from the people who are suffering from cough, sneeze, and fever. When someone is affected by cough and sneeze they project small droplets containing the virus. If you are too close to the persons and breathe then the viruses enter our body and make you sick.
  3. If you are suffering from cold, sneeze and fever then you should cover your mouth. Use paper tissue instead of cloth handkerchief. Do not overuse the paper tissue. Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth.
  4. You should eat a completely cooked meat and eggs.
  5. You should be attentive especially if you have recently traveled back from China in 2019 when Coronavirus was reported.

Coronavirus in India 

From India, Many students are studying in China. Many Indians are also working in Chinese cities. According to the Economic Times, 3 cases of coronavirus also reported in India. People were from Kerela. All three patients had some kind of relationship with China. In those cases, one was a student studying in Wuhan, China. It was the first case of Coronavirus in India. Now, the condition of all patients is stable. In India, health authorities are screening each passenger coming from China at airports.

There is a famous poem which is the part of our childhood time is “Nani k Ghar jaege, Dudh malai khaege, mote hokar aayege” is no longer beneficial for today. In India, the problem of obesity is rising.  A sedentary lifestyle, unhealthy diet, and lack of health awareness are some common reasons behind this. Excess weight is putting our lives in danger. We can become a victim of many life-threatening diseases.

Health Risks of Obesity: 

Obesity is the root cause of many diseases. Obese people are at a higher risk to easily get affected by these diseases.

  1. Type 2 Diabetes
  2. High Blood Pressure
  3. Heart Attack
  4. Fatty Liver
  5. Pregnancy Problems
  6. Kidney Diseases
  7. Arthritis
  8. Cancer
  9. Breathing Problems

Take a closer look at the contribution of obesity in the awakening of these diseases.

There is a strong relationship between obesity and Type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes. In this disease, the blood sugar level increases up to the normal level. Research says that obese people are five times more likely to develop Type 2 diabetes. Currently, 90 percent of obese people are diabetic. Many people are not aware of their health. Hence, regular health check-up is important to diagnose the disease at a very early stage. If you are diabetic then you should do strict care to control your blood sugar. 

Obese people are also at great risk of high blood pressure. Obesity puts pressure on the organ and arteries that create a problem in blood flow. High blood pressure is the leading cause of stroke, damaged arteries, heart failure, memory loss, kidney failure, vision loss, etc. Smoking, stress, lack of physical activity and heavy alcohol consumption are also some major causes of high blood pressure. 

Obesity also puts pressure on the heart. A heart attack occurs because the blood vessels that carry blood become narrow and thick. A heart attack is the leading of sudden death in India. Excess weight increases bad cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Moreover, people who are diabetic are at greater risk of heart diseases. 

The impact of obesity on the liver is quite similar to heavy alcohol consumption. Both obesity and alcohol can cause fatty deposits in the liver. Fatty liver tissues can damage the liver. If the damage is continuous, it can lead to cirrhosis. Fatty liver is the starting stage of liver diseases. 

Obesity can also become a cause of chronic kidney diseases. Excess weight affects the functioning of the kidney. The kidneys are forced to work harder above the normal level. Over some time, the extra work pressure puts the kidneys at risk. Diabetes and high blood pressure are also common causes of kidney diseases. You can test your kidneys by just a simple blood test and urine test. 

Obese women have some complications in pregnancy. Obesity harms fertility. It increases the risk of miscarriage, difficulty in giving natural birth, more baby fat, difficult to detect birth defects through ultrasound, etc. Government research Obesity in pregnancy: risk and management say that the child of an obese woman is at increased risk of congenital anomaly, prematurity, macrosomia, and neonatal death. 

 Obesity puts also extra pressure on the knees lead to Osteoarthritis. Knees bear the whole weight of the body. Excess weight can damage joints and ligaments. Studies found that obese people are more likely to need a knee replacement or hip replacement. 

Cancer is also the leading cause of death in India. Excess weight also increases the risk of several cancers like breast cancer, uterine cancer, esophageal cancer, pancreatic and kidneys cancers. Fatty cells secrete hormones that promote the abnormal growth of cells. The cancerous cells also spread to other body parts easily.  

Obese people have fat around their necks. These make them different from breath. Difficulty in breathing at night increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases and death as well. 

One disease leads to other diseases. Hence, you should not give low weightage to any disease. Proper treatment should be taken as directed by physicians. The best way to control fat and prevent obesity is the Body Mass Index (BMI) test. BMI tests give details about the harmful fat stored in the body. The BMI test tells about the fitness score. 

If you want to know more about the BMI test, visit: https://arthdiagnostics.com/special-programs/

 

Iron deficiency or anemia means the body has insufficient iron. Iron produces hemoglobin that enables the red blood cells to carry oxygen to the body’s tissues. Anemia is relatively common among females and children.

Top Five Reasons for Iron Deficiency are:

Improper Diet:

Our body gets iron from what we eat. Children do not take a nutrition diet hence they do not get enough iron. Iron deficiency can be generally seen in toddlers, preschoolers, and teenagers because of increasing iron needs in the development phase. Premature babies are at increased risk of anemia because they do not get enough iron from breast milk.

Green vegetables, red meat, eggs, beans, peas, seafood, etc., are iron-rich foods. Our body absorbs iron more from red meat than from other sources. The vegetarian or vegan family has higher risks of iron deficiency. If we do not eat iron-rich foods then slowly overtime our body becomes iron deficient. Vitamin C also improves the absorption of the iron nutrient. Hence Vitamin C rich foods like oranges tomatoes, grapefruit, kiwi, broccoli, strawberries, etc. should be taken in conjunction with iron-rich foods.

 Blood Loss:

Blood contains iron. If we lose blood then we lose iron too. Women lose blood during menstruation cycle. Women with heavy bleeding are at higher risk of anemia. Some diseases such as peptic ulcer, hiatal hernia, and colorectal cancer can also cause iron deficiency.

The inability to absorb iron content from the food:

iron is absorbed in the small intestine. If the intestine is bypassed or removed surgically due to some reasons then this may affect your ability to absorb iron from food. This can lead to anemia. An intestine disorder like celiac disease also becomes a cause of the iron deficiency.

Pregnancy:

Iron deficiency occurs in pregnant women because they need iron for their bodies as well as the growing fetus. At that time, women should eat iron-rich food and iron supplements if the doctor recommends.

Frequent Blood Donors:

Frequent blood donors also have an increased risk of iron deficiency. Regular blood donation affects the iron store in the body.

Health Risks of Iron Deficiency:

Mild iron deficiency does not create serious complications. However, if iron deficiency left untreated then it may cause severe health problems. In some situations when the iron level gets too low, the person may require a blood transfusion. Anemia also affects brain development. It may cause heart problems, complications in pregnancy and growth problems. An iron-deficient person is more susceptible to infections.

Symptoms of Iron Deficiency:

The noticeable signs of anemia are given below:

Pale Skin

Brittle nails

Slow growth and development

Frequent infections

Behavioral problems

Increased sweating

Fatigue and weakness in the body

Craving of eating nonfood items such as dirt, paint, ice or starch

Shortness of breath or fast heartbeat

Cold hands and feet

Poor appetite especially in children

Prevent Anemia:

If these symptoms are seen then you should immediately consult a doctor. Iron deficiency is mainly diagnosed through the blood test that involves complete blood count including hemoglobin level. Depending on the test results, a doctor might recommend iron supplements or further testing. At Arth diagnostics, advance diagnostic equipment is available for testing iron deficiency anemia.

A person should not start an iron supplement without consulting a doctor because an overdose of iron can cause liver damage or even death. If a one is iron deficient then one should honesty follow the advice of a doctor and take the complete treatment.

In the current era, most of the persons spend major chunks of their time sitting in front of computer screens, TV and mobile phones. This is because of technological advancement. Now, everyone has a separate mobile phone and even a laptop. Humans are doing more mental works and less physical work. There is hardly a body moment throughout the day. Nowadays, even children avoid outdoor games and spend an average of 3 to 5 hours a day watching TV, computer and mobile. Unfortunately, they get the health risks of sedentary lifestyle such as lower back pain, neck pain, obesity, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, certain types of cancer, depression, etc at a very early age.

These things should not be taken lightly because it invites many diseases. World Health Organization says that a sedentary lifestyle is one of the leading causes of many ailments, physical disability, and even death more than smoking in the world.   Hence, it is essential to be aware of the health risks of a sedentary lifestyle. Awareness of health risks would help you to take necessary actions at the right time to prevent ailments.

6 Major Health Risks of Sedentary Lifestyle

Cardiovascular Diseases:

A sedentary lifestyle is a reason for many cardiovascular diseases because it contributes to many factors of heart disease like high blood pressure, Lower good HDL cholesterol, higher LDL cholesterol, weight gain, weak muscles, and blood clot.

Diabetes:

Type-2 Diabetes is one of the prime health risks of sedentary lifestyle. It is found through researches that people, who spend long hours before screen have a higher risk of Type-2 diabetes.

Obesity:

Continuous sitting from long hours can lead to excess body weight. It is reported that we burn 30 percent more calories when we are standing than when we are sitting.

Stress and Depression:

Sitting for long hours can also create anxiety and stress. Facing the screens for long hours can cause depression. An unhealthy lifestyle is a major cause of many mental disorders.

Cancer:

Researchers found that a sedentary lifestyle is directly linked to colon cancer, breast cancer, and endometrial cancer.

Back Pain and Neck Pain:

Lower back pain and neck-shoulder pain are the most common complaints of office goers with a sedentary job role. Interrupting sedentary work after half an hour with a small walk can help to prevent such problems to a large extent.

These are only a few health risks of a sedentary lifestyle. But, there are many.

What can we do to prevent such kind of ailments?

Even though you exercise daily, you should take 5 minutes small walk after 30 minutes of continuous sitting.

It is also helpful to get yourself tested at least once in a year to know your health status.

BMI (Body Mass Index) Test is also good to know fitness score of the body. An unhealthy lifestyle can be measured by BMI.

You can visit Arth Diagnostics and plan your health check to prevent the health risks of sedentary lifestyle. Hopefully, this blog has inspired you to implement essential change in your current lifestyle.  Why not start a healthy lifestyle from today?

 

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