There is a famous poem which is the part of our childhood time is “Nani k Ghar jaege, Dudh malai khaege, mote hokar aayege” is no longer beneficial for today. In India, the problem of obesity is rising.  A sedentary lifestyle, unhealthy diet, and lack of health awareness are some common reasons behind this. Excess weight is putting our lives in danger. We can become a victim of many life-threatening diseases.

Health Risks of Obesity: 

Obesity is the root cause of many diseases. Obese people are at a higher risk to easily get affected by these diseases.

  1. Type 2 Diabetes
  2. High Blood Pressure
  3. Heart Attack
  4. Fatty Liver
  5. Pregnancy Problems
  6. Kidney Diseases
  7. Arthritis
  8. Cancer
  9. Breathing Problems

Take a closer look at the contribution of obesity in the awakening of these diseases.

There is a strong relationship between obesity and Type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes. In this disease, the blood sugar level increases up to the normal level. Research says that obese people are five times more likely to develop Type 2 diabetes. Currently, 90 percent of obese people are diabetic. Many people are not aware of their health. Hence, regular health check-up is important to diagnose the disease at a very early stage. If you are diabetic then you should do strict care to control your blood sugar. 

Obese people are also at great risk of high blood pressure. Obesity puts pressure on the organ and arteries that create a problem in blood flow. High blood pressure is the leading cause of stroke, damaged arteries, heart failure, memory loss, kidney failure, vision loss, etc. Smoking, stress, lack of physical activity and heavy alcohol consumption are also some major causes of high blood pressure. 

Obesity also puts pressure on the heart. A heart attack occurs because the blood vessels that carry blood become narrow and thick. A heart attack is the leading of sudden death in India. Excess weight increases bad cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Moreover, people who are diabetic are at greater risk of heart diseases. 

The impact of obesity on the liver is quite similar to heavy alcohol consumption. Both obesity and alcohol can cause fatty deposits in the liver. Fatty liver tissues can damage the liver. If the damage is continuous, it can lead to cirrhosis. Fatty liver is the starting stage of liver diseases. 

Obesity can also become a cause of chronic kidney diseases. Excess weight affects the functioning of the kidney. The kidneys are forced to work harder above the normal level. Over some time, the extra work pressure puts the kidneys at risk. Diabetes and high blood pressure are also common causes of kidney diseases. You can test your kidneys by just a simple blood test and urine test. 

Obese women have some complications in pregnancy. Obesity harms fertility. It increases the risk of miscarriage, difficulty in giving natural birth, more baby fat, difficult to detect birth defects through ultrasound, etc. Government research Obesity in pregnancy: risk and management say that the child of an obese woman is at increased risk of congenital anomaly, prematurity, macrosomia, and neonatal death. 

 Obesity puts also extra pressure on the knees lead to Osteoarthritis. Knees bear the whole weight of the body. Excess weight can damage joints and ligaments. Studies found that obese people are more likely to need a knee replacement or hip replacement. 

Cancer is also the leading cause of death in India. Excess weight also increases the risk of several cancers like breast cancer, uterine cancer, esophageal cancer, pancreatic and kidneys cancers. Fatty cells secrete hormones that promote the abnormal growth of cells. The cancerous cells also spread to other body parts easily.  

Obese people have fat around their necks. These make them different from breath. Difficulty in breathing at night increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases and death as well. 

One disease leads to other diseases. Hence, you should not give low weightage to any disease. Proper treatment should be taken as directed by physicians. The best way to control fat and prevent obesity is the Body Mass Index (BMI) test. BMI tests give details about the harmful fat stored in the body. The BMI test tells about the fitness score. 

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